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Asian Canadians refers to Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian peoples. Canadians of Asian ancestry comprise the largest visible minority group in Canada, at 15% of the Canadian population, and is the fastest growing. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities. In Canada, the term 'Asian' is pan-continental in official data such as the national census, in contrast to its usage in other English-speaking countries such as Australia and the United States.

Asian Canadians considered visible minorities may be classified as Chinese Canadians; Filipino Canadians; South Asian Canadians (e.g, Bangladeshi Canadians, Indian Canadians, Pakistani Canadians); Southeast Asian (e.g. Vietnamese Canadians); Arab Canadians (e.g. Kuwaiti Canadians); West Asian (e.g. Afghan Canadians, Jewish Canadians, Israeli Canadians, Turkish Canadians); Korean Canadians; or Japanese Canadians.[1]

History Edit

Canada has a long history of East Asian immigration. During the 19th century, many Chinese arrived to take part in the British Columbia gold rushes and later for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The Chinese who came from Guangdong Province helped build the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Fraser Canyon. Many Japanese people arrived in the 1890s and became fishermen and merchants in British Columbia. In 1923, the federal government passed the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923, which banned all Chinese immigration, and led to immigration restrictions for all East Asians. In 1947, the act was repealed.

During and after the Vietnam War and the Korean War, a large wave of Vietnamese and Korean refugees began arriving in Canada. The Canadian Parliament created the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada in 1985 to better address issues surrounding Canada-Asia relations, including trade, citizenship and immigration. When Hong Kong reverted to mainland Chinese rule, people emigrated and found new homes in Canada.

In recent decades, a large number of people have come to Canada from India and other South Asian countries. As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15 percent of the Greater Toronto Area's population, and are projected to make up 24 percent of the region's population by 2031.[2]

Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home. Often referred by the Canadian media as "model minorities", Asian Canadians are among the educated and socioeconomically affluent groups in Canada. Asian Canadian students, in particular those of East Asian or South Asian background, make up the majority of students at several Canadian universities.

Demographics Edit

Based on the 2011 census, there are 4,659,395 Asian Canadians with the following ethnic identities.

East Asian in origins: 2,763,870

South Asian origins: 1,567,400

Chinese origins: 1,324,750

Filipino origins: 619,310

Arab origins: 380,620

Southeast Asian origins: 312,075

West Asian origins: 206,840

Jewish origins: 309,650

Israeli origins: 15,015

Turkish origins: 55,435

Korean origins: 161,130

Japanese origins: 87,270

The Asian Canadian population by province or territory according to the 2011 Census.[3]

Province or territory Asian origins %
23x15px Ontario 2,604,595 20.6%
23x15px British Columbia 1,122,445 26.0%
23x15px Alberta 551,710 15.5%
Template:Country data Québec 488,905 6.3%
23x15px Manitoba 126,600 10.8%
23x15px Saskatchewan 55,095 5.5%
23x15px Nova Scotia 31,875 3.5%
23x15px New Brunswick 14,535 2.0%
23x15px Newfoundland and Labrador 6,310 1.2%
23x15px Prince Edward Island 4,360 3.2%
23x15px Yukon 2,205 6.7%
23x15px Northwest Territories 2,165 5.3%
23x15px Nunavut 425 1.3%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 5,011,225 15.3%

Asian Canadian Demographics according to recent estimates.

Population of Various Asian Canadian Groups
Ethnic OriginsPopulation
Chinese Canadians1,487,580
Indo-Canadians1,355,653
Filipino Canadians662,600
Jewish Canadians309,650
Lebanese Canadians250,000
Vietnamese Canadians220,425
Korean Canadians168,890
Iranian Canadians163,290
Pakistani Canadians155,310
Sri Lankan Canadians139,415
Japanese Canadians109,740
Syrian Canadians100,000
Afghan Canadians62,815
Turkish Canadians55,430
Iraqi Canadians49,680
Cambodian Canadians34,340
Bangladeshi Canadians34,205
Palestinian Canadians31,245
Taiwanese Canadians30,330
Laotian Canadians22,090
Israeli Canadians15,000
Indonesian Canadians14,320
Malaysian Canadians12,165
Romani Canadian5,255
Singaporean Canadians1,390

See also Edit

References Edit

External links Edit

Template:Overseas Asians

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Template:Asian Canadiansja:アジア系カナダ人

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