Clifford Parker "Cliff" Robertson III (September 9, 1923 – September 10, 2011) was an American actor with a film and television career that spanned half a century. Robertson portrayed a young John F. Kennedy in the 1963 film PT 109, and won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the movie Charly. On television, he portrayed retired astronaut Buzz Aldrin in the 1976 adaptation of Aldrin's autobiographic Return to Earth, played a fictional character based on Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms in the 1977 miniseries Washington: Behind Closed Doors, and portrayed Henry Ford in the 1987 Ford: The Man and the Machine. His last well-known film appearances were in 2002 through 2007 as Uncle Ben in the Spider-Man film trilogy.
Early life and educationEdit
Robertson was born in La Jolla, California, the son of Clifford Parker Robertson, Jr. (1902–1968), and his first wife, Audrey Olga Robertson (née Willingham; 1903–1925). His Texas-born father was described as "the idle heir to a tidy sum of ranching money". Robertson once said, "[My father] was a very romantic figure – tall, handsome. He married four or five times, and between marriages he'd pop in to see me. He was a great raconteur, and he was always surrounded by sycophants who let him pick up the tab. During the Depression, he tapped the trust for $500,000, and six months later he was back for more."
Robertson's parents divorced when he was one, and his mother died of peritonitis a year later in El Paso, Texas, at the age of 21. He was raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary Eleanor "Eleanora" Willingham (née Sawyer, 1875–1957), in California, and rarely saw his father. He graduated in 1941 from La Jolla High School, where he was known as "The Walking Phoenix". He served in the U.S. Merchant Marine in World War II, before attending Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio and dropping out to work as a journalist for a short time.
Robertson was President John F. Kennedy's personal choice to play him in 1963's PT 109. The next year, Robertson played a presidential candidate in The Best Man. A life member of The Actors Studio, Robertson won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of a mentally disabled man in Charly, an adaptation of the science fiction novel Flowers for Algernon.
Other films included Picnic (1955), Autumn Leaves (1956), Gidget (1959), Wild River (1960), Underworld USA (1961), The Interns (1962), Sunday in New York (1963), 633 Squadron (1964), Devil's Brigade (1968), Too Late the Hero (1970), J. W. Coop (1972), Three Days of the Condor (1975), Obsession (1976), Class (1983), Star 80 (1983), Malone (1987), Wild Hearts Can't Be Broken (1991), and John Carpenter's Escape from L.A. (1996). Late in his life Robertson's career had a resurgence. He appeared as Uncle Ben Parker in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man (2002), as well as in the sequels Spider-Man 2 (2004) and Spider-Man 3 (2007; his last acting role). He commented on his website: "Since Spider-Man 1 and 2, I seem to have a whole new generation of fans. That in itself is a fine residual." He was also in the horror film Riding the Bullet (2004).
Robertson's early television appearances included a starring role in the live space opera Rod Brown of the Rocket Rangers (1953–1954), as well as recurring roles on Hallmark Hall of Fame (1952), Alcoa Theatre (1959), and Playhouse 90 (1958, 1960), The Outlaws (three episodes). Robertson also appeared as a special guest star on Wagon Train for one episode, portraying an Irish immigrant.
In 1958, Robertson portrayed Joe Clay in the first broadcast of Playhouse 90's Days of Wine and Roses. In 1960, he was cast as Martinus Van Der Brig, a con man, in the episode "End of a Dream" of Riverboat.
Other appearances included The Twilight Zone episodes "A Hundred Yards Over the Rim" (1961) and "The Dummy" (1962), followed by the The Eleventh Hour in the 1963 episode, "The Man Who Came Home Late". He guest-starred on such television series as The Greatest Show on Earth, Breaking Point and ABC Stage 67. He had starring roles in episodes of both the 1960s and 1990s versions of The Outer Limits. He was awarded an Emmy for his leading role in a 1965 episode, "The Game" of Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre. He appeared twice as a guest-villain on ABC's Batman as the gunfighter "Shame" (1966 and 1968), the second time with his wife, Dina Merrill, as "Calamity Jan".
In 1976, he portrayed a retired Buzz Aldrin in an adaptation of Aldrin's autobiography Return to Earth. The next year, he portrayed a fictional Director of Central Intelligence (based on Richard Helms) in Washington: Behind Closed Doors, an adaptation of John Ehrlichman's roman a clef The Company, in turn based on the Watergate scandal. In 1987, he portrayed Henry Ford in Ford: The Man and The Machine. From 1983-84, he played Dr. Michael Ranson in Falcon Crest.
Young Eagles initiativeEdit
A certified private pilot, he was a longtime member of the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA), working his way through the ranks in prominence and eventually co-founding the Young Eagles Program with EAA president Tom Poberezny. Robertson chaired the program from its 1992 inception to 1994 (succeeded by former test pilot Gen. Chuck Yeager). Along with educating youth around aviation, the initial goal of the Young Eagles was to fly one million children (many of them never having flown before) prior to the 100th Anniversary of Flight celebration on December 17, 2003. That goal was achieved on November 13, 2003. On July 28, 2016, the two millionth Young Eagle was flown by actor Harrison Ford.
Columbia Pictures scandalEdit
In 1977, Robertson discovered that his signature had been forged on a $10,000 check payable to him, although it was for work he had not performed. He also learned that the forgery had been carried out by Columbia Pictures head David Begelman, and on reporting it he inadvertently triggered one of the biggest Hollywood scandals of the 1970s. Begelman was charged with embezzlement, convicted, and later fired from Columbia. Despite pressure to remain quiet, Robertson and his wife Dina Merrill spoke to the press. As a result, Hollywood producers blacklisted him. He finally returned to film five years later, starring in Brainstorm (1983). The story of the scandal is told in David McClintick's 1982 bestseller Indecent Exposure.
In 1957, Robertson married actress Cynthia Stone, the former wife of actor Jack Lemmon. They had a daughter, Stephanie, before divorcing in 1959; he also had a stepson by this marriage, Chris Lemmon. In 1966, he married actress and Post Cereals heiress Dina Merrill, the former wife of Stanley M. Rumbough, Jr.; they had a daughter, Heather (1969-2007), before divorcing in 1989. By this marriage, he also had stepchildren Stanley Hutton Rumbough, David Post Rumbough, and Nedenia Colgate Rumbough. He resided in Water Mill, New York.
One of Robertson's main hobbies was flying and, among other aircraft, he owned several de Havilland Tiger Moths, a Messerschmitt Bf 108, and a genuine World War II - era Mk.IX Supermarine Spitfire MK923. His first plane ride was in a Lockheed Model 9 Orion. As a 13-year-old he would clean hangars for airplane rides. He met Paul Mantz, Art Scholl, and Charles Lindbergh while flying at local California airports. His piloting skills helped him get the part as the squadron leader in the British war film 633 Squadron. He entered balloon races, including one in 1964 from the mainland to Catalina Island that ended with him being rescued from the Pacific Ocean.
In 1969, during the civil war conflict in Nigeria, Robertson helped organize an effort to fly food and medical supplies into the area. He also organized flights of supplies to the ravaged country of Ethiopia when it experienced famine in 1978. Within the EAA, he founded the Cliff Robertson Work Experience in 1993, which offers youths the chance to work for flight and ground school instruction.
Robertson was flying a private Beechcraft Baron over New York City on the morning of September 11, 2001. He was directly above the World Trade Center climbing through 7,500 feet when the first Boeing 767 struck. He was instructed by air traffic control to land immediately at the nearest airport after a nationwide order to ground all civilian and commercial aircraft following the attacks.
On September 10, 2011, one day after his 88th birthday, Robertson died of natural causes in Stony Brook, New York. His body was cremated, and a private funeral was held at St. Luke's Episcopal Church in East Hampton, New York.
|1943||We've Never Been Licked||Adams||Uncredited|
|1956||Autumn Leaves||Burt Hanson|
|1958||The Girl Most Likely||Pete|
|The Naked and the Dead||Lieutenant Robert Hearn|
|Days of Wine and Roses||Joe Clay||Part of the Playhouse 90 anthology series|
|1959||Gidget||The Big Kahuna|
|Battle of the Coral Sea||Lt. Cmdr. Jeff Conway|
|As the Sea Rages||Clements|
|1960||Riverboat||Martinus Van Der Brig||Episode: "End of a Dream" (NBC-TV)|
|1961||The Twilight Zone||Christian Horn, Sr.||Episode: "A Hundred Yards Over the Rim"|
|All in a Night's Work||Warren Kingsley, Jr.|
|Underworld U.S.A.||Tolly Devlin|
|The Big Show||Josef Everard|
|1962||The Twilight Zone||Jerry Etherson||Episode: "The Dummy"|
|The Interns||Dr. John Paul Otis|
|1963||My Six Loves||Reverend Jim Larkin|
|PT 109||Lt. (j.g.) John F. Kennedy|
|Sunday in New York||Adam Tyler|
|1964||The Best Man||Joe Cantwell|
|633 Squadron||Wing Cmdr. Roy Grant|
|1965||Love Has Many Faces||Pete Jordon|
|Up from the Beach||Sgt. Edward Baxter|
|1966-1968||Batman||Shame||Two-part episode: "Come Back, Shame"/"It's How You Play the Game"|
|1967||The Honey Pot||William McFly|
|1968||The Devil's Brigade||Maj. Alan Crown|
|Charly||Charlie Gordon|| Academy Award for Best Actor|
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated—Laurel Award for Best Male Dramatic Performance
|1970||Too Late the Hero||Lt. (j.g.) Sam Lawson|
|1971||J. W. Coop||J. W. Coop|
|1972||The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid||Cole Younger|
|1973||The Men Who Made the Movies: Alfred Hitchcock||narrator|
|Ace Eli and Rodger of the Skies||Ace Eli Walford|
|1974||Man on a Swing||Lee Tucker|
|1975||Out of Season||Joe Tanner||Entered into the 25th Berlin International Film Festival|
|Three Days of the Condor||J. Higgins|
|1976||Return to Earth||Buzz Aldrin|
|Midway||Cmdr. Carl Jessop|
|Washington: Behind Closed Doors||William Martin||Adaptation of The Company; character based on Richard Helms|
|1979|| The Little Prince|
Martin the Cobbler
Rip Van Wynkle
The Diary of Adam and Eve
|Host; The pilot (Little Prince)||Package of Claymation shorts by Will Vinton|
|1980||Charly II||Charly Gordon|
|The Pilot||Mike Hagan|
|1983||Falcon Crest||Dr. Michael Ranson||Season 3|
|Star 80||Hugh Hefner|
|1985||Shaker Run||Judd Pierson|
|1986||Dreams of Gold: The Mel Fisher Story||Mel Fisher|
|Ford: The Man and the Machine||Henry Ford|
|1990||Dead Reckoning||Daniel Barnard||TV movie|
|1991||Wild Hearts Can't Be Broken||Doctor Carver|
|The Ghosts of '87||Host|
|1994||Renaissance Man||Colonel James|
|1995||Waiting for Sunset or The Sunset Boys (Pakten)||Ted Roth|
|1996||Escape from L.A.||President|
|1998||Melting Pot||Jack Durman|
|Assignment Berlin||Cliff Garret|
|The Outer Limits (1995 TV Series)||Theodore Harris||Episode: "Joyride"|
|2001||Falcon Down||Buzz Thomas|
|Mach 2||Vice President Pike|
|13th Child||Mr. Shroud||Robertson was one of the writers of this film|
|2004||Spider-Man 2||Ben Parker||Cameo|
|Riding the Bullet||Farmer|
|2007||Spider-Man 3||Ben Parker||Cameo; (final acting role)|
Robertson was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 2006. He received the Rebecca Rice Alumni Award from Antioch College in 2007. In addition to his Oscar and Emmy and several lifetime achievement awards from various film festivals, Robertson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. He was also awarded the 2008 Ambassador of Good Will Aviation Award by the National Transportation Safety Board Bar Association in Alexandria, Virginia, for his leadership in and promotion of general aviation.
See also Edit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Keepnews, Peter (September 11, 2011). "Cliff Robertson, Oscar-Winning Rebel, Dies at 88". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/11/movies/cliff-robertson-oscar-winning-rebel-dies-at-88.html. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
- ↑ IMDb
- ↑ California Births, 1905–1995 Familytreelegends.com
- ↑ Several obituaries have stated that Robertson was adopted by his parents. However, the California Birth Index of 1905–1995 states that Clifford P. Robertson was born to a mother whose maiden name was Willingham, in Los Angeles County, California, on September 9, 1923.
- ↑ Mother's birth and death information per records accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
- ↑ Father's birthplace accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Green, Michelle (December 5, 1983). "Cliff Robertson profile at". People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20086490,00.html. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- ↑ Mother's death information per records accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
- ↑ Grandmother's name and dates accessed on ancestry.com on September 12, 2011
- ↑ Cliff Robertson biodata, FilmReference.com; accessed April 26, 2015.
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson/Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. http://www.walkoffame.com/cliff-robertson. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson".
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Cliff Robertson biodata, yahoo.com; accessed April 26, 2015.
- ↑ Hoberman, J. (August 26, 2003). "Lights, Camera, Exploitation". Village Voice. Archived from the original on June 30, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080630070747/http://www.villagevoice.com:80/news/0335,hoberman,46558,1.html. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- ↑ Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc.. p. 278. ISBN 0-02-542650-8Script error.
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson's Career Achievements". Retrieved November 14, 2007.
- ↑ "Berlinale: 1989 Juries". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1989/04_jury_1989/04_Jury_1989.html. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
- ↑ ""End of a Dream", Riverboat, September 19, 1960". Internet Movie Data Base. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0687086. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- ↑ "Harrison Ford Flies 2 Millionth Young Eagle". http://www.eaa.org/en/airventure/eaa-airventure-news-and-multimedia/eaa-airventure-news/eaa-airventure-oshkosh/07-27-2016-2-millionth-young-eagle-flies-today. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson". The Telegraph (London). September 11, 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/culture-obituaries/film-obituaries/8756059/Cliff-Robertson.html.
- ↑ McClintick, David. Indecent Exposure: A True Story of Hollywood and Wall Street, William Morrow and Company, 1982.
- ↑ "Career Achievements". Official Website of Cliff Robertson. http://www.cliffrobertson.info/career.htm. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Hall, Bob. Southeastern Antiquing and Collecting Magazine. Cliff Robertson Collects Vintage AircraftArticle on Robertson's private aviation collection. 2004.
- ↑ First Cross-Country Soaring or (You Ain't John Wayne – Robertson)
- ↑ Gene Smith (December 1987). "Real Airport Kids Never Grow Up". Air Progress.
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson Work Experience". https://www.eaa.org/en/eaa/aviation-education-and-resources/eaa-youth-education/eaa-internships-and-work-study-programs/eaa-air-academy-internships/cliff-robertson-work-experience-for-ages-16-17. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- ↑ Official Cliff Robertson site
- ↑ "Cliff Robertson, who played JFK in 'PT-109', dies". Yahoo! News. September 11, 2011. https://news.yahoo.com/cliff-robertson-played-jfk-pt-109-dies-021234437.html. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- ↑ "US film actor Cliff Robertson dies aged 88". BBC. September 11, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-14869693. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
- ↑ "'He was one of the greatest men I've ever known:' Oscar winning actor Cliff Robertson remembered at funeral service". The Daily Mail. September 18, 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2038752/Cliff-Robertson-death-Oscar-winning-actor-remembered-funeral-service.html.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cliff Robertson|
- Official website
- Script error at the Internet Movie DatabaseScript error
- Script error at the Internet Broadway DatabaseScript errorScript error
- Interview in the Archive of American Television
- Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre episode Template:Imdb episode
- Warbird Registry entry on MK923
- "Cliff Robertson, 1923–2011: Actor, Writer, Producer and Director", a Special English presentation of Voice of America
- Biography in the National Aviation Hall of Fame
- "Script error". Find a Grave. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=76310181. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
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