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Gilbert, Arizona
—  Town  —
Gilbert, Arizona
Gilbert's Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road
Official seal of Gilbert, Arizona
Seal
Motto: "a service organization"
Location of Gilbert in Maricopa County, Arizona.

Script errorLocation in the United States

Coordinates:
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
 • Mayor Jenn Daniels (R)
Area[1]
 • Town 68.20 sq mi (176.63 km2)
 • Land 68.00 sq mi (176.12 km2)
 • Water 0.20 sq mi (0.51 km2)
Elevation 1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Town 208,453
 • Estimate (2016) 237,133
 • Rank US: 85th
 • Density 3,487.20/sq mi (1,346.41/km2)
 • Urban density
 • Rural density
 • Metro 4,574,531 (US: 12th)
 • Metro density
 •  Density
 •  Density
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-27400
Website Script error

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World",[3] Gilbert is currently the most populous incorporated town in the United States. It is the sixth-largest municipality in Arizona, and the fifth-largest in the Metropolitan Phoenix Area.

Gilbert encompasses Script error and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Greater Phoenix area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census.

HistoryEdit

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward.[4]

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World"[5] from 1911 until the late 1920s.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of Script error. As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of Script error, of which, Script error of it is land and Script error of it is water.

ClimateEdit

The climate of Gilbert is hot desert climate BWh.

Climate data for Gilbert, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Source: The Weather Channel [6]
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DemographicsEdit

Template:Prose

Historical population
Census Pop. <tr><td style="text-align:center">1920</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">865</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">—</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1930</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">791</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1940</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">837</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1950</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,114</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1960</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,833</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1970</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">1,971</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1980</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">5,717</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1990</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">29,188</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2000</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">109,697</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2010</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">208,453</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">Est. 2016</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">237,133</td><td style="font-size:85%">[7]</td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td colspan=4 style="border-top:1px solid black; font-size:85%; text-align:center">
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
</td></tr>
File:Gilbert Civic Center.jpg
File:VVL.jpg
File:Downtown Gilbert - SWC Gilbert & Page - 2009-03-23.JPG
File:SanTan Village - North - 2009-09-20.JPG

As of July 1, 2009, Maricopa Association of Governments,[9]

As of the census of 2010, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

  • Fastest growing municipality in the United States from 1990–2003. U.S. Census Bureau
  • Currently the 4th fastest growing municipality in the United States. U.S. Census Bureau – 2009
  • Ranked by CNN's Money magazine in 2008 as one of the best places to live in the United States.[10]
  • One of the top 25 safest cities in the United States.[11]
  • 34.5% of Gilbert residents hold a bachelor's degree or higher.[12]
  • Highest household median income in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area with Population 50,000+ U.S. Census Bureau 2005

2009 According to Nielsens Claritas Demographics,[12] in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

2009 Estimated Population Data by Gender/Age:[12]

  • 31.37 Average Age Male/Female
  • 50.22% Male
    • 30.03 Est. Average Age
  • 49.78% Female
    • 31.82 Est. Average Age
  • 37.14% Population Under 21
  • 33.25% Population Under 18
  • 70.01% Population Over 16
  • 66.76% Population Over 18
  • 62.86% Population Over 21
  • 5.30% Population Over 65

2009 Estimated Population Age 15+ by Marital Status:[12]

  • 20.87% Never Married
  • 66.71% Married, Spouse Present
  • 2.23% Married, Spouse absent
  • 2.11% Widowed
  • 8.07% Divorced

2009 Estimated Population Age 25+ Educational Attainment:[12]

  • 92.33% High School/GED or Higher
  • 37.5% Bachelor's Degree or Higher
  • 10.46% Master's Degree or Higher

2009 Estimated Households by Household Income:[12]

  • $109,213 Average Household Income
  • $89,077 Median Household Income
  • $35,559 Per Capita Income
  • 2.28% of Families are Below the Poverty Level

ReligionEdit

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert. The town has been known for its high Mormon population, a fact evidenced by the LDS church's building of a temple in Gilbert.[13][14]

EconomyEdit

Largest employersEdit

According to the Town's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Gilbert Public Schools 3,642
2 Banner Health 2,268
3 Mercy Gilbert Medical Center 1,233
4 Town of Gilbert 1,191
5 Fry's Food and Drug 966
6 Go Daddy 950
7 Walmart 791
8 Chandler Unified School District 518
9 B H Drywall 500
10 Dillard's Retail and Distribution 490

Arts and cultureEdit

Historic propertiesEdit

There are various properties in the town of Gilbert which are considered historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[16] or listed as such in the Gilbert Historic District. In the gallery at the end of the article are images of some of these properties with a short description of the same.

Music and danceEdit

These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

GovernmentEdit

Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation",[18] as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn"[18] by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 25th safest in the nation." [19]

Since Gilbert remains incorporated as a town, it lacks the additional powers possessed by Mesa and Chandler, which are incorporated as cities. For instance, Arizona towns do not have as much power to regulate utilities and construction within their borders as cities possess.[20] Unlike most of its neighboring communities, Gilbert is theoretically vulnerable to annexation.[21]

The town is part of Template:Ushr which is represented by Republican and Gilbert resident Andy Biggs.[22] The mayor of Gilbert is Jenn Daniels.

CrimeEdit

Template:Infobox UCR

Gilbert is rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest town in the United States with zero murders in 2005, 2007, and 2014.Script error

EducationEdit

Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School District, Mesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Edu-Prize (the first charter school in Arizona). The town is also home to Gilbert Christian Schools, a chain of private schools.

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Gilbert is primarily served by one area freeway—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202. A small section of the US 60 Superstition Freeway also skirts the northern boundary of the town at the Higley Road interchange (Exit 186). Several regional arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa, and is a twenty-five-minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific (formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. However, buses operate to downtown Phoenix, and future commuter rail service to Gilbert will require little modification since most of the facilities are already built.[citation needed] Most people get around by cars or bikes.

Notable peopleEdit

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Sister citiesEdit

Gilbert has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Gallery of historic buildingsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2016_Gazetteer/2016_gaz_place_04.txt. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  3. Gilbert Profile
  4. "Gilbert Arizona Community's roots date to 1920". Church News. November 19, 2010. http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/60150/Gilbert-Arizona-Communitys-roots-date-to-1920.html. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  5. "Gilbert History". Ci.gilbert.az.us. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100417155420/http://www.ci.gilbert.az.us:80/busdev/profile/history.cfm. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  6. "Average Weather for Gilbert, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/fitness/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USAZ0082. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 4, 2016. 
  9. "Maricopa Association of Governments Population & Housing Numbers for Greater Phoenix". Mag.maricopa.gov. http://www.mag.maricopa.gov/pdf/cms.resource/MAG_2009-07-01_Municipality-Updates_99200.pdf. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  10. "CNN Money Magazine 2008". Money.cnn.com. http://money.cnn.com. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  11. "FBI Crime Statistics". Fbi.gov. March 17, 2010. https://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ucr.htm#cius. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Nielsen Claritas Script error
  13. "LDS Church announces two new temples in Arizona – Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. April 27, 2008. http://www.sltrib.com/lds/ci_9071215?source=rss. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  14. Gilbert Arizona Temple, ldschurchtemples.com. Last accessed on April 27, 2008.
  15. "City of Gilbert 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). June 18, 2014. p. 141. http://www.gilbertaz.gov/home/showdocument?id=2854. Retrieved June 18, 2014. 
  16. National Register of Historic Places
  17. "Gilbert's Lindsey Stirling No. 2 on Billboard chart". AZCentral.com. http://www.azcentral.com/story/entertainment/music/2014/05/07/lindsey-stirling-billboard-album-chart-gilbert/8818225/. Retrieved May 8, 2004. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Best Places to Live 2010". CNN. Archived from the original on August 13, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100813220449/http://money.cnn.com:80/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2010/snapshots/PL0427400.html. 
  19. "CQ Press: City Crime Rankings 2012". Os.cqpress.com. http://os.cqpress.com/citycrime/2012/CityCrime2013_CityCrimeRateRankings.pdf. Retrieved June 18, 2014. 
  20. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-276. Additional powers of cities". Arizona State Legislature. http://www.azleg.gov/ars/9/00276.htm. Retrieved March 28, 2017. 
  21. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9–122. Unification of a city and a town". Arizona State Legislature. http://www.azleg.gov/ars/9/00122.htm. Retrieved July 31, 2009. 
  22. "Official biography, Congressman Andy Biggs". Congressman Andy Biggs. https://biggs.house.gov/biography. Retrieved March 28, 2017. 
  23. "NFL Players". Nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/players/playerpage/492913. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  24. "NFL Players". Nfl.com. http://www.nfl.com/players/playerpage/547043. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  25. "Los Angeles Galaxy: Roster: Player Bio". La.galaxy.mlsnet.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090709233130/http://la.galaxy.mlsnet.com:80/players/bio.jsp?team=t106&player=gordon_a&playerId=gor137067&statType=current. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  26. "Gilbert woman vies for Miss USA". Azcentral.com. April 11, 2008. http://www.azcentral.com/community/gilbert/articles/2008/04/11/20080411gr-missusa11-ON.html. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  27. "The Valley's priciest home sales". AZCentral.com. http://www.azcentral.com/business/realestate/articles/20110201arizona-priciest-home-sales-done-deals.html. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  28. "Astronaut Bio: Carlos I. Noriega (1/2008)". Jsc.nasa.gov. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/noriega.html. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  29. "Phil Ortega Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/o/ortegph01.shtml. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 

External linksEdit

class=noviewer Media related to Gilbert, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons

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