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The Jackson family is an American family of singers who originated in Gary, Indiana. Performing as members of The Jackson 5 and as solo artists, the children of Joseph Walter and Katherine Esther Jackson were very successful in the field of popular music from the late 1960s onwards. As a group, the eldest sons Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, Randy and Michael, made the family's reputation, facilitating the subsequent success of siblings Rebbie, La Toya, and Janet. The Jackson 5 became known as the "First Family of Soul" (a title first held by the Five Stairsteps). The continued success of Michael and Janet's careers as solo artists led the Jacksons to become known as the "Royal Family of Pop". All nine of the Jackson siblings have gold records to their credits with La Toya holding the distinction of being the first Jackson sister to attain one (awarded by France's SNEP for "Reggae Night", a song she co-wrote for Jimmy Cliff).
In recent years, certain members of the family have been honored for their work; in 1997 The Jackson 5 was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Michael would follow the group to the hall in 2001. The Jacksons, Michael and Janet all received stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1980, 1984 and 1990 respectively. In 2009 a new series from A&E entitled The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty premiered documenting the Jackson brothers dealing with the sudden loss of Michael and preparing for a Jackson 5 Reunion tour.
- Main article: Joe Jackson (manager)
Joseph Walter Jackson was born on July 26, 1928 in Arkansas but he grew up in Oakland, California with his father Samuel Jackson, a school teacher. At age 18 he moved to East Chicago, Indiana to be with his mother Crystal Lee King and to pursue his dreams of becoming a professional boxer. At age 21, Joseph married Katherine Screws, 19, immediately starting a family. Even though he wanted to be a success in boxing it wasn’t a job for a family man, so he obtained a job as an overhead crane operator with East Chicago's Inland Steel Company. His family continued to blossom and grow steadily and over the course of sixteen years he and Katherine had a house full of nine children. Joe Jackson always wanted to make it big and although he couldn’t in boxing or in his own short musical stint in the 1950s with the band The Falcons, he saw the talent in his children, starting with Tito and Tito's ability to play the guitar.
Soon enough Joe Jackson formed a band of his sons Tito, Jermaine, and Jackie called The Jackson Brothers in 1964 and became their manager. After several years of doing local talent shows, Joseph enlarged the band to include Marlon and Michael, two of his younger sons, and then changed the name of the band to The Jackson Five by 1966, remaining the group's manager. As their father he was a very strict disciplinarian and had an abusive nature and as their manager he enforced long practice sessions of singing and dancing in hopes of preparing them to make it big one day. In August 1967, the group made a debut at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York where they won the Amateur Night contest. Gordon Keith the owner and producer at Steeltown Records in Gary, Indiana, discovered the Jackson Five and signed them to their first contract in November 1967. Big Boy, the boys' first record which was produced by Keith, was released on January 30, 1968. It became a local hit. In March 1969, they signed a Motown record contract and became known as the Jackson 5. The group enjoyed the fame Joseph Jackson had been longing for in his life. He continued to manage The Jackson 5 into stardom and after the band they had many No. 1 hits on the Billboard hot singles charts; Joseph moved them to a mansion in Encino, California with his own hefty salary he had obtained as their full-time manager. After many years as a band and with Michael as lead singer, the group continued to churn out even more hits and wealth, but tensions grew and in 1979, Michael severed ties with his father/manager and went on to pursue a solo musical entertainment career. Four years later, in 1983, Michael's siblings fired Joseph Jackson as their manager. In 1993, Michael Jackson accused his father of physical and mental abuse; a few of the other siblings confirmed this claim, but others denied it.
Katherine Jackson (née Kattie B. Screws) was born on May 4, 1930 in Barbour County, Alabama, the child of Prince Albert Screws (1907–1997) and Martha Mattie Upshaw (1907–1990). Unfortunately, Katherine Jackson was left with a permanent limp after acquiring polio syndrome in her childhood. She later recovered from her illness after moving with her family to East Chicago, Indiana, where she would remain until meeting her husband Joseph Jackson. The couple moved and bought a small home in Gary, Indiana, where they birthed and raised nine children and she was a stay-at-home mother. Throughout her life, Katherine remained a devoted Jehovah's Witness and raised her children strictly under the same spiritual teachings she received. Also, as a talented pianist and vocalist who shared her talents with her children, she was later credited for being the foundation of her children's success. After her sons' rise to fame as The Jackson 5, she strongly supported her children and became the costume designer for their shows and performances. Some of the memorable moments of her unconditional support were seen when her son Michael was tried for molestation charges in 1993 and 2005. Katherine now lives in Calabasas, California where she cares for the children of her late son, Michael.
Together, Joseph and Katherine Jackson had ten children. Their son Brandon (Marlon's twin) died at birth. The other nine grew up to become professional musicians.
- Maureen Reillette "Rebbie" Jackson (born May 29, 1950)
- Sigmund Esco "Jackie" Jackson (born May 4, 1951)
- Toriano Adaryll "Tito" Jackson (born October 15, 1953)
- Jermaine La Jaune Jackson (born December 11, 1954)
- LaToya Yvonne Jackson (born May 29, 1956)
- Brandon Jackson (born and died March 12, 1957)
- Marlon David Jackson (born March 12, 1957)
- Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958 – died June 25, 2009)
- Steven Randall "Randy" Jackson (born October 18, 1961)
- Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966)
- Joh'Vonnie Jackson (born August 30, 1974, to Cheryl Terrell during her 25-year long affair with Joseph Jackson).
There are 26 children that make up the third generation of the Jackson family along with several great-grandchildren. Among them, some have followed in the family's footsteps into the entertainment industry. Perhaps the most well known of the third generation are the three children of Michael Jackson. Michael Joseph Jackson Jr. (b. February 13, 1997), also known as "Prince", Paris Michael Katherine Jackson (b. April 3, 1998), and Prince Michael Jackson II also known as "Blanket" now called "Bigi"(b. February 21, 2002), have been discussed in the press numerous times throughout their lives, particularly since their father's death in 2009. Austin Brown (b. 1985), the only son of Rebbie Jackson, is a singer and songwriter who has released several successful singles in the pop/R&B genre. Tito Jackson's three sons, Toriano Adaryll "Taj" Jackson, Jr. (b. 1973), Taryll Adren Jackson (b. 1975), and Tito Joe "TJ" Jackson (b.1978) make up the R&B/pop music group 3T. 3T has released three studio albums and has gone on to have moderate success in the industry, primarily outside of the United States. Sigmund "Siggy" Jackson Jr. (b. 1977), the eldest son to Jackie Jackson, is a hip-hop artist who goes under the name "Dealz". Siggy has been a ghostwriter for a number of independent artists and has obtained mild success as a solo artist. Jermaine La Jaune "Jay" Jackson Jr. (b. 1977), the eldest son to Jermaine Jackson, portrayed his father in the 1992 miniseries, The Jacksons: An American Dream, a biopic about the Jackson family. On January 3, 2017, at the age of 50, Janet gave birth to Eissa Al Mana, the newest member to the Jackson Family.
- ↑ Moreover, as a unit, they were one of the few black groups to achieve "teen idol" status among music fans of all races, with hits such as I Want You Back, ABC, I'll Be There, Dancing Machine, Blame It on the Boogie, Heartbreak Hotel, and Can You Feel It.Takiff, Johnathan (1984-08-31). "Victory at Hand". Philadelphia Daily News: p. 49.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Pruter, Robert (1992). Chicago Soul. University of Illinois Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-252-06259-0Script error. https://books.google.com/books?id=2kkcmS0AzMEC&pg=PA143&dq=%22five+stairsteps%22+%22first+family+of+soul%22#v=onepage&q=%22five%20stairsteps%22%20%22first%20family%20of%20soul%22&f=false.
- ↑ When a brother and sister want to spend some time together it rarely requires a journey to a galaxy far, far away, but if they're reigning members of the royal family of pop, and the meeting is a music video, it's got to be out of this world. The siblings in question are Michael and Janet Jackson, and their first video collaboration, "Scream," is the space odyssey that earned a record 11 nominations at this year's MTV Video Music Awards, winning for Best Dance Video, Best Choreography, and Best Art Direction, the latter a nod to the talents of production designer Tom Foden. Boepple, Leanne (November 1995). "Video/production design: Scream". Theatre Crafts International 29 (9): p. 52. ISSN 1063-9497.
- ↑ "InfoDisc : Les Certifications (Singles) du SNEP (les Disques d'Or)". Infodisc.fr. http://www.infodisc.fr/S_Certif_Or.php?debut=100. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- ↑ George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet. Sony BMG. pp 51.
- ↑ de Moraes, Lisa (August 26, 2009). "Jackson Series Prolongs A&E's 'Family' Affair". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/08/25/AR2009082503189.html?hpid=artsliving. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "Joseph Jackson Biography". Joseph Jackson Biography. Biography.com. http://www.biography.com/people/joseph-jackson-467150. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 "Katherine Jackson Biography". Katherine Jackson Biography. Biography.com. http://www.biography.com/people/katherine-jackson-466952?page=1. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Jackson, Katherine; Rich Wiseman (1990). My Family, the Jacksons. St. Martin's Paperbacks. ISBN 0-312-92350-3Script error.
- ↑ Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American Women: book II. VNR AG. p. 323. ISBN 9780810391772Script error. https://books.google.com/books?id=ssMBzqrUpjwC&pg=PA323.
- ↑ "Cheryl Ann Terrell". https://www.geni.com/people/Cheryl-Terrell/6000000019002879254.
- Giambusso, David (June 25, 2009). "Michael Jackson memorabilia owner recalls turbulent past with musical family". The Star-Ledger (New Jersey). http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2009/06/michael_jacksons_death.html.