|West Hollywood, California|
|— General law city —|
|City of West Hollywood|
|Sunset Strip in 2001|
|Nickname(s): "WeHo", "Weho"|
|Motto: "The Creative City"|
|Los Angeles County, California|
Script errorLocation in the United States
|County||23x15px Los Angeles|
|Incorporated||November 29, 1984|
|• Type||City Council/City Manager|
|• Mayor||Lauren Meister |
|• Councilmembers||John J. Duran
John Heilman (Mayor Pro Tempore)
|• City manager||Paul Arevalo|
|• City||1.887 sq mi (4.888 km2)|
|• Land||1.887 sq mi (4.888 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||282 ft (86 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||35,288|
|• Density||Script error/sq mi (Script error/km2)|
|• Urban density|
|• Rural density|
|• Metro density|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||90038, 90046, 90048, 90069|
|Area codes||310/424, 323|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652810, 2412221|
West Hollywood, occasionally referred to locally as WeHo (English pronunciation: /ˈ/ (13px listen)), is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Incorporated in 1984, it is home to the Sunset Strip. As of the 2010 census, its population was 34,399. It is considered one of the most prominent gay villages in the United States.
West Hollywood is bounded by the city of Beverly Hills on the west, and on other sides by neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Hollywood Hills on the north, Hollywood on the east, the Fairfax District on the southeast, and Beverly Grove on the southwest. The city's irregular boundary is featured in its logo; it was largely formed from the unincorporated Los Angeles County area that had not become part of the surrounding cities.
West Hollywood benefits from a very dense, compact urban form with small lots, mixed land use, and a walkable street grid. According to Walkscore, a website that ranks cities based on walkability, West Hollywood is the most walkable city in California with a Walkscore of 89. Commercial corridors include the nightlife and dining focused on the Sunset Strip, along Santa Monica Boulevard, and the Avenues of Art & Design along Robertson, Melrose, and Beverly Boulevard.
Residential neighborhoods in West Hollywood include the Norma Triangle, West Hollywood North, West Hollywood West, West Hollywood East, and West Hollywood Heights, all of which are only a few blocks long or wide. Major intersecting streets typically provide amenities within walking distance of adjacent neighborhoods.
West Hollywood has a Subtropical-semi-arid climate with year-round warm weather. The record high temperature of 111 °F was recorded September 26, 1963, while the record low of 24 °F was recorded on January 4, 1949. Snow is rare in West Hollywood, with the last accumulation occurring in 1949. Rainfall is sparse (only 13 inches annually), and falls mainly during winter months.
|Climate data for West Hollywood, California|
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Most historical writings about West Hollywood began in the late-18th century with European colonization when the Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho arrived offshore and claimed the already inhabited region for Spain. Around 5,000 of the indigenous inhabitants from the Tongva Indian tribe canoed out to greet Juan Cabrillo. The Tongva tribe was a nation of hunter-gatherers known for their reverence of dance and courage. By 1771, these native people had been severely ravaged by diseases brought in by the Europeans from across wide oceans. The Spanish mission system changed the tribal name to "Gabrielinos", in reference to the Mission de San Gabriel. Early in 1770 Gaspar de Portola's Mexican expeditionary force stopped just south of the Santa Monica Mountains near what would become West Hollywood to draw pitch (la brea) from tar pits to waterproof their belongings and to say mass.Script error The Gabrielinos are believed to have burned the pitch for fuel.Script error
By 1780, what became the "Sunset Strip" was the major connecting road for El Pueblo de Los Angeles, and all ranches westward to the Pacific Ocean. This land passed through the hands of various owners during the next one hundred years, and it was called names such as "La Brea" and "Plummer" that are listed in historical records.Script error Most of this area was part of the Rancho La Brea, and eventually it came to be owned by the Henry Hancock family.Script error
During the final decade years of the nineteenth century, the first large land development in what would later become West Hollywood—the town of "Sherman"—was established by Moses Sherman and his partners of the Los Angeles Pacific Railroad, an interurban railroad line which later became part of the Pacific Electric Railway system. Sherman became the location of the railroad's main shops, railroad yards, and "car barns". Many working-class employees of the railroad settled in this town.Script error It was during this time that the city began to earn its reputation as a loosely regulated, liquor-friendly (during Prohibition) place for eccentric people wary of government interference. Despite several annexation attempts, the town elected not to become part of the City of Los Angeles. In a controversial decision, in 1925 Sherman adopted "West Hollywood", "...a moniker pioneered earlier in the decade by the West Hollywood Realty Board" as its informal name, though it remained under the governance of Los Angeles County.
For many years, the area that is now the city of West Hollywood was an unincorporated area in the midst of Los Angeles. Because gambling was illegal in the city of Los Angeles, but still legal in Los Angeles County, the 1920s saw the proliferation of many casinos, night clubs, etc., along Sunset Boulevard (which starts in downtown Los Angeles and runs westward). These businesses were immune from the sometimes heavy-handed law-enforcement of the L.A. Police Department.
Some people connected with movie-making were attracted to this less-restricted area of the County, and a number of architecturally distinctive apartment buildings and apartment hotels were built. Many interior designers, decorators and "to the trade" furnishing showrooms located in West Hollywood dating back to the middle of the century.
Eventually, the area and its extravagant nightclubs fell out of favor. However, the Sunset Strip and its restaurants, saloons, and nightclubs continued to be an attraction for out-of-town tourists. During the late 1960s, the Sunset Strip was transformed again during the hippie movement which brought a thriving music publishing industry coupled with "hippie" culture. Some young people from all over the country flocked to West Hollywood.
The most recent migration to West Hollywood came about after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when thousands of Russian Jews immigrated to the city. A majority of the 5,000 to 6,000 Russian Jews settled in two major immigration waves, 1978–79 and 1988–92. Other than New York, West Hollywood's Russian-speaking community is the most concentrated single Russian-speaking region in United States.
In 1984, residents in West Hollywood organized to maintain rent control. When Los Angeles County began planning to discontinue rent controls, West Hollywood was a densely populated area of renters, many of whom would not be able to afford to keep up with the generally rapid raises in rent in the Los Angeles area. A tight coalition of seniors, Jews, gays and renters were greatly assisted by the Coalition for Economic Survival (CES)Script errorand they swiftly voted to incorporate as the "City of West Hollywood". West Hollywood then immediately adopted one of the strongest rent control laws in the nation.
Landmarks and distinctive placesEdit
Alta Loma Road is home to the Sunset Marquis Hotel with its famous 45-person Whisky Bar and NightBird Recording Studios, an underground music production facility. Alta Loma Road was one of the main locations for the film Perfect. Actor Sal Mineo lived on Holloway Drive in the 1970s; he was murdered in his carport just around the corner from Alta Loma.
The western stretch of Melrose Avenue, between Fairfax Avenue and Doheny Drive, is notable for its trendy clothing boutiques, interior design shops, restaurants and antique stores. The west end of Melrose Avenue, near the Pacific Design Center, is especially known for its exclusive furniture.
The area around Fountain Avenue, Harper Avenue and Havenhurst Drive contains a high concentration of landmark 1920s Spanish Revival and Art Deco apartment buildings by such noted architects as Leland Bryant. This historic district has been home to many celebrities and at one time the Sunset Tower at 8358 Sunset Boulevard was home to Frank Sinatra, Errol Flynn, the Gabor sisters, John Wayne and Howard Hughes.
Notable business and attractions in West Hollywood include:
- The Sunset Strip
- Hotels such as Andaz West Hollywood, Chamberlain West Hollywood Hotel, Mondrian and the Standard
- The Pacific Design Center
- Architecture such as The Schindler House by the architect Rudolf Schindler
- Buildings such as 9200 Sunset by architect Charles Luckman
- Music venues such as House of Blues, Whisky a Go Go, The Troubadour, The Roxy Theatre and Viper Room
- Westlake Recording Studios, where Michael Jackson recorded the albums Thriller and Bad in 1982 and 1987 respectively
- Celebrity hangouts such as Soho House, [[Formosa Cafe](Closed)], Whisky Bar, Rainbow Bar and Grill, Palm Restaurant (now located in Beverly Hills): West Hollywood (not to be confused with the chain by the same name,) Dan Tana’s, The Abbey Food & Bar and Villa Nightclub
- Film, television and music production including Samuel Goldwyn Studio (nowThe Lots), Smashbox Studios and OWN (Oprah Winfrey Network)
- Several parks including historic Plummer Park
- Comedy Store
- Sierra Towers, tallest residential building in the greater Los Angeles area
- Saint Victor Catholic Church
- West Hollywood Gateway Project, the city's largest shopping center that is home to Los Angeles' largest public art piece using projection technology.
According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority||645|
|2||House of Blues||219|
|3||City of West Hollywood||209|
|4||The London West Hollywood||200|
|7||Andaz West Hollywood||179|
|11||Saddle Ranch Chop House||130|
|12||Dailey & Associates||125|
|14||La Parc Suite Hotel||72|
|15||Best Western Sunset Plaza||45|
The West Hollywood Halloween Carnival is an event that takes place annually on October 31. The largest Halloween street party in the United States (spanning over Script error of Santa Monica Boulevard from La Cienega Boulevard on the East to Doheny and the Beverly Hills border on the West), the 2007 Carnival was reported to have more than 350,000 people in attendance, with some traveling from other countries specifically for the event.
Christopher Street West is an LGBT pride parade and festival that was first held in June 1970 in Hollywood to commemorate the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in New York. After incorporation, the event moved to West Hollywood and is typically held the second weekend in June.
One City One Pride is an LGBT Arts Festival held during the month of June in West Hollywood.
The West Hollywood Book Fair has been held in the fall since 2001. Past participants have included Andrew McCarthy, Deepak Chopra, and Rocco DiSpirito.
The Oscars is a major event in the city with a majority of the large Academy Award party venues being located in the city. Many streets are closed and traffic swells on this day each year.
The City of West Hollywood sponsors an animal walk and pet appreciation days throughout the year, which have in the past featured pet psychics and dog activities. During Halloween the week prior to October 31, animals can participate in a costume contest in West Hollywood Park. West Hollywood is in close proximity to Runyon Canyon Park's hiking trail and dog park in Hollywood.
The issue of Paparazzi chasing celebrities is raised regularly and the city participates in meetings with other nearby municipalities such as Beverly Hills and Los Angeles to discuss the problem and possible actions to better control the activity. The epicenter of the Thirty Mile Zone lies just blocks to the south of the city, and is the basis for the name of TMZ on TV, a paparazzi footage-based program. TMZ moved their operations from Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards to Los Angeles.
Script error With a population of over one third identifying as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender, West Hollywood has become a leader of communities in showcasing how to protect and advocate for equal rights for the LGBT community. With its spirit and vibrant urban setting, West Hollywood has become one of the world’s top gay vacation spots for gay and lesbian travelers and is at the center of gay California nightlife, including spas, shopping and dining. A small but energetic city, it contains the greatest concentration of gay-popular hotels, restaurants, shops, and bars in greater Los Angeles. One of the first bars opened was Jewel's Catch One, which had a large LGBTQ following. The city also hosts some of the area’s largest LGBT events such as the Los Angeles Gay Pride, Outfest, and West Hollywood Halloween Costume Carnival. Commonly referred to as ‘Gay WeHo’, the city's Gay West Hollywood Twitter page quotes “The World's Most Incredible & Magical Gay City with 25 Gay Bars, 26 Gay Shops, and 69 Gay Friendly Restaurants accessible on foot, California. In keeping with the city's gay community, many resources unknown or uncommon anywhere else have been provided; there is a page on the city’s official visitors guide dedicated to ‘Host Your Gay Wedding With Us’ as the city has long been the originator and groundbreaking in the gay marriage movement. Also, the city hosts expansive historical records of the LGBT community. The June L. Mazer Lesbian Archives is dedicated exclusively to preserving lesbian history and remains the only archive in the western United States to do so. The West Hollywood Library also hosts an extensive collection of LGBT literature and history and includes the Ron Shipton HIV Information Center. According to an LA Times article, an exhibit at the ONE Archives Gallery and Museum is the first museum in Southern California exclusively dedicated to gay history.
Sometime in the 1940s a sign appeared over the bar at Barney's Beanery that said "FAGOTS – STAY OUT." The message so offended locals that Life magazine did an article on opposition to the sign in 1964, which included a photograph of the owner steadfastly holding on to it. The owner died in 1968, and efforts continued to have the sign removed. The Gay Liberation Front organized a zap of the restaurant on February 7, 1970 to push for its removal. The sign disappeared that day. The sign was put up and taken down several times over the next 14 years, but the practice ended in December 1984, days after the city voted itself into existence. The then-mayor, Valerie Terrigno, the entire city council and gay-rights activists marched into Barney's and relieved the wall of the offending sign. It was held by Morris Kight for many years and now rests in the ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives. Jewel-Thais Williams who owned the bar Jewel's Catch One, originally opened the bar because she experienced discrimination in both heterosexual bars and gay bars because she was both black and a woman.
A resident drew national attention during the 2008 Presidential campaign by including a Sarah Palin mannequin hung in effigy in a Halloween display. The home's decorations also featured a doll of John McCain surrounded by decorative flames in the chimney. Some residents complained about the display as a hate crime, but the Los Angeles County Sheriff concluded the display did not violate any laws.
In March 2006, agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the U.S. Secret Service seized 250 fake denomination notes, each bearing a denomination of $1 billion, from a West Hollywood apartment.
In 2006, the City Council passed a medicinal marijuana resolution, by a vote of 4–0, making it the first city in Southern California to adopt a lowest law enforcement priority law for cannabis offenses. The resolution stated "it is not the policy of the City or its law enforcement agency to target possession of small amounts of cannabis and the consumption of non-medical cannabis in private by adults".
In 1982, John Belushi died of a drug overdose at the Chateau Marmont hotel in Hollywood, adjacent to WeHo. On the night of his death, he was visited separately by friends Robin Williams (at the height of his own drug exploits) and Robert De Niro, each of whom left the premises, leaving Belushi in the company of assorted others, including Cathy Smith. This is just one of many notable sordid events at the location. A 1930s movie executive reportedly said, 'If you must get into trouble, do it at the Chateau Marmont'.
In 1961, comedian Lenny Bruce was arrested on obscenity charges at The Troubadour in then-unincorporated West Hollywood. The arresting officer was a young deputy named Sherman Block, who would later become County Sheriff.
In 1989, actor Christian Slater was arrested in West Hollywood for leading the police on a drunken car chase that ended when Slater crashed his car into a telephone pole.
Actor River Phoenix died at age 23 of a drug overdose at approximately 1:00 AM on Halloween night in 1993 at the Viper Room, a club that was opened that year and was partly owned by actor Johnny Depp until 2004.
On 8 January 2006, New Zealand film director Lee Tamahori, dressed as a woman, was arrested for allegedly offering an undercover police officer oral sex on the corner of Santa Monica Boulevard and Lodi Place. He was convicted only of criminal trespass, having pleaded no contest in exchange for other charges being dropped.
On November 17, 2006, during a performance at the Laugh Factory, a cell phone video captured Michael Richards shouting "Shut up" to a heckler in the audience, followed by repeated shouts of "He's a nigger!" to the rest of the audience (using the word six times altogether), and also making a reference to lynching.
Politics and governmentEdit
The city government is headed by a five-member city council, including a mayor and a mayor pro tem who serve one-year terms. The positions of mayor and mayor pro tem are largely-ceremonial positions which rotate between the council members, and both positions are largely not re-elected in concurrent terms, although councilmembers serve multiple non-concurrent terms in both offices.
West Hollywood was the first city in the country to have a city council with a majority of gay members. Council member John Heilman is the city's longest-serving council member (having served continuously since 1984).
With West Hollywood being one of the most prominent gay-friendly cities in the United States, Proposition 8 had a higher rate of rejection than it did in any other city in Los Angeles county: 86% of the city voted against the amendment, which restricted marriage to heterosexual couples.
State and federal representationEdit
Public health and safetyEdit
Fire protection in West Hollywood is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. LACoFD operates Station 7, the battalion headquarters, and Station 8, both in West Hollywood, as a part of Battalion 1. 
Emergency Medical Services are provided by LACoFD and McCormick Ambulance.
West Hollywood, with a gay male population of about 39%, has been disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic which has ravaged its gay male population since the early 1980s. The city funds or subsidizes an array of services for those living with HIV or AIDS. The AIDS Healthcare Foundation parks a Mobile HIV/STD testing van outside of the city's busiest nightclubs on Friday and Saturday nights, and again on Sunday afternoons. This outreach attempts to intervene with those young people most at-risk for HIV infection. Project Angel Food receives city funding to deliver hundreds of fresh lunches and dinners daily which are prepared under the supervision of a registered dietitian who tailors the meals to meet individual client's nutritional needs. AIDS Project Los Angeles (APLA) is a national leader for AIDS policy and advocacy issues and provides assistance to clients navigating the maze of available public benefits. APLA also provides free dental, psychotherapy and pharmaceutical services. Aid for AIDS provides direct financial support by assisting clients with rent, utility and pharmacy expenses. The city also subsidizes agencies that help clients train for a return to the workforce. The city permits all residents living with HIV/AIDS to have up to two pets in his or her home regardless of a landlord's specifications in the property's lease.
West Hollywood subsidizes programs for its growing population of children through a partnership with the USDA and local schools. "Healthy Start West Hollywood" is a program of the city's Social Services division that introduces pre-Kindergarten through High School age kids to the benefits of good nutrition through such activities as collective vegetable gardens and yoga.
The special needs of senior citizens are addressed through a variety of programs. West Hollywood either funds or subsidizes agencies that offer adult day care, a roommate matching service, and nutritious meals. The West Hollywood Senior Center provides recreational programs, excursions, and socializing as well as counseling and case management.
West Hollywood also seeks to address the health needs of residents who do not have adequate insurance by subsidizing the LA Free Clinic and The Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center. Residents can access free medical, dental, legal and mental health services between these two sites.
The West Hollywood's Public Safety Division publishes guides on sexual assault prevention, nightclub safety, and how to access rape services.
Arts and CultureEdit
West Hollywood has many ongoing programs to celebrate the vibrant arts and unique culture of the city. The literary community is acknowledged with the year-round author series WeHo Reads, featuring new and noteworthy authors at the West Hollywood Library with a full day literary event each fall. An annual PowPow is Presented by AIDS Project Los Angeles Red Circle Project and the City of West Hollywood. This event, held at Plummer Park promotes HIV awareness and prevention among the Native communities and features dance, music, food, and educational resources.
In August 2013, the City of West Hollywood launched a free Friday and Saturday night shuttle, the PickUp, connecting the eastern and western parts of the city. The goal of The PickUp is to provide an alternative to the automobile and bring an energetic and playful transit option to one of West Hollywood’s busiest nighttime districts. The Public Relations Society of America Los Angeles Chapter (PRSA-LA) has recognized the City of West Hollywood with a PRism Award of Excellence in the highly competitive category of New Product/Service Launch for the city’s kick-off campaign for the PickUp.
West Hollywood has inclusionary zoning laws governing development. The city established the Affordable Housing Trust Fund in 1986 requiring developers to either provide affordable housing in new projects or pay a fee in-lieu to the city which it directs towards other affordable housing projects.
Traffic congestion, public transport and parking are critical issues in the city due to its location between access to areas such as Greater Hollywood and the San Fernando Valley to the east and the area of the Los Angeles West Side, with the Hollywood Hills creating a natural impediment to the north. Santa Monica Boulevard and Sunset Boulevard are critical east-west arteries in the metropolitan area, and Laurel Canyon Boulevard is a popular shortcut through the hills. Nearly 600 employees and 260 buses in the District 7 fleet of the LACMTA are based in a large facility on prime real estate near San Vicente Boulevard and Santa Monica Boulevard. The development of a "pink line" subway through the city, providing a connection between the Metro Red Line and a proposed Metro Purple Line along Wilshire Boulevard is currently under study.
Residents of West Hollywood vote overwhelmingly for the Democratic Party.
In 1985, West Hollywood was the first city to create a same-gender domestic partnership registration for its residents, as well as to offer same-gender domestic partner benefits for city employees. West Hollywood's comprehensive Domestic Partnership Ordinance allows those couples that are prohibited from marrying (same-sex) and those who can marry but choose not to (heterosexual), to register their union with the city. These unions are treated on an equal basis with legal marriages with respect to city-level benefits and services. In California as a whole, same-sex couples may enter domestic partnerships which offer them all of the state rights of marriage.
In 1993 the West Hollywood City Council voted for West Hollywood to become the first official pro-choice city in America.
Legislation prohibiting discrimination in the workplace on the basis of sexual orientation is widely recognized as the toughest in the nation. The city is also one of 92 jurisdictions in the country where it is illegal to discriminate on the basis of gender identity or expression.
City legislation also bans the sale of handguns, prohibits smoking in public places, and restricts the city from doing business directly or indirectly (via vendors) with any country known to violate human rights. Also, the city is one of 19 in California that has banned the use of gas-powered leaf blowers.
The city designed a law that pets are to be called "companions," and their owners "guardians" and was the first city in the country to outlaw the de-clawing of cats.
In 2011, West Hollywood became the first city in the United States to ban the sale of clothing with real animal fur; the ban took effect on September 21, 2013. In May 2014, the ordinance was upheld by the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, after a local business had challenged the prohibition as unconstitutional.
Mayors of West HollywoodEdit
- Valerie Terrigno (1984–1985)
- John Heilman (1985–1986)
- Stephen Shulte (1986–1987)
- Alan Viterbi (1987–1988)
- Helen Albert (1988–1989)
- Abbe Land (1989–1990)
- John Heilman (1990–1991)
- Paul Koretz (1991–1992)
- Babette Lang (1992–1993)
- Sal Guarriello (1993–1994)
- Abbe Land (1994–1995)
- John Heilman (1995–1996)
- Paul Koretz (1996–1997)
- Sal Guarriello (1997–1998)
- Steve Martin (1998–1999)
- John Heilman (1999–2000)
- Jeff Prang (2000–2001)
- John Heilman (2001–2002)
- Sal Guarriello (2002–2003)
- Jeff Prang (2003–2004)
- John Duran (2004–2005)
- Abbe Land (2005–2006)
- John Heilman (2006–2007)
- John Duran (2007–2008)
- Jeff Prang (2008–2009)
- Abbe Land (2009–2010)
- John Heilman (2010–2011)
- John Duran (2011–2012)
- Jeff Prang (2012–2013)
- Abbe Land (2013–2014)
- John D'Amico (2014–2015)
- Lindsey Horvath (2015–2016)
- Lauren Meister (2016–2017)
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
West Hollywood is part of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4. As of 2008 Marlene Canter represents the district. Canter announced that she will not seek re-election after her term expires in June 2009.
Elementary schools that serve sections of West Hollywood include:
- West Hollywood Elementary School K-6
- Rosewood Avenue Elementary School K-6
- Laurel Elementary School K-7
- Melrose Elementary School K-5
- Gardner Street Elementary School K-6
(Some areas jointly zoned to Rosewood and West Hollywood)
Most of West Hollywood is zoned to Bancroft Middle School. Some portions in the south are zoned to John Burroughs Middle School. Students living in the Los Angeles area known as Beverly Hills Post Office, usually attend West Hollywood Elementary but then go to Emerson Middle School.
Private Schools in West Hollywood:
- West Hollywood College Preparatory School (WHCP) K-12
- The Center for Early Education
- Pacific Hills School
Until early September 2011, the library was based at 715 North San Vicente Boulevard in a building designed by architect Edward H. Fickett. On September 6, 2011, the City of West Hollywood demolished that building, which aroused controversy among some community members, including the architect's wife.
The current library building officially opened to the public on October 1, 2011. The building, which was designed by architects Steve Johnson and James Favaro, received a favorable review in the Los Angeles Times that ended by calling the it "...a tremendously encouraging achievement". Exterior surfaces of the library building and adjacent parking structure are decorated with murals by Shepard Fairey, Kenny Scharf and Marquis Lewis (aka Retna), and the interior incorporates design work by Fairey and David Wiseman.
<tr><td style="text-align:center">1960</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">28,870</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">—</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1970</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">34,622</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1980</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">35,703</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">1990</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">36,118</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2000</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">35,716</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">2010</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">34,399</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:center">Est. 2015</td><td style="padding-left:8px; ">36,222</td><td style="font-size:85%"></td><td style="padding-left:8px; text-align: center;">Script error%</td></tr><tr><td colspan=4 style="border-top:1px solid black; font-size:85%; text-align:left">|
The 2010 United States Census reported that West Hollywood had a population of 34,399. The population density was 18,225.6 people per square mile (7,036.9/km²). The racial makeup of West Hollywood was 28,979 (84.2%) White (77.9% Non-Hispanic White), 1,115 (3.2%) African American, 103 (0.3%) Native American, 1,874 (5.4%) Asian, 34 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,049 (3.0%) from other races, and 1,245 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,613 persons (10.5%).
The Census reported that 34,290 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 109 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 22,511 households, out of which 1,141 (5.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,060 (13.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 852 (3.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 431 (1.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,094 (4.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1,321 (5.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13,434 households (59.7%) were made up of individuals and 2,606 (11.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.52. There were 4,343 families (19.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.42.
The population was spread out with 1,578 people (4.6%) under the age of 18, 2,407 people (7.0%) aged 18 to 24, 16,228 people (47.2%) aged 25 to 44, 9,061 people (26.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,125 people (14.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 128.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.9 males.
There were 24,588 housing units at an average density of 13,027.4 per square mile (5,029.9/km²), of which 4,976 (22.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,535 (77.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 7,874 people (22.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26,416 people (76.8%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, West Hollywood had a median household income of $52,649, with 15.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 35,716 people, 23,120 households, and 5,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 18,992.7 inhabitants per square mile (7,335.1/km²). There were 24,110 housing units at an average density of 12,821.0 per square mile (4,951.6/km²), making West Hollywood one of the most densely populated cities in the US. The racial makeup of the city was 86.4% White, 6.4% African American, 3.8% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.8% of the population.
There were 23,120 households out of which 5.8% had children under the age of eighteen, 16.4% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 77.5% were non-families. 60.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% included someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.53, and the average family size was 2.50.
In the city, the population was spread out with 5.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 48.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 123.4 males. For every 100 females aged eighteen and older, there were 125.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,914, and the median income for a family was $41,463. Males had a median income of $45,598 versus $35,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,302. About 7.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2013 survey, 39% of the city's population is made up of gay men.
- Metro Purple Line (LACMTA)
- Pacific Design Center
- Sunset Strip
- ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives
- Harold A. Henry, assured Los Angeles City Council would remain neutral in West Hollywood incorporation, 1957
- LGBT culture in Los Angeles
- Thomas Bones (1842–1929), farmer and land developer in this area
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "West Hollywood General Plan 2035 Public Review Draft". City of West Hollywood. p. 27. http://www.weho.org/Home/ShowDocument?id=5397. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- ↑ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. http://www.calafco.org/docs/Cities_by_incorp_date.doc. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "City Council". City of West Hollywood. http://www.weho.org/city-hall/city-council. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- ↑ "Paul Arevalo". City of West Hollywood. http://www.weho.org/city-hall/city-departments/about-our-directors/paul-arevalo. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ↑ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2010_place_list_06.txt.
- ↑ "West Hollywood". United States Geological Survey. https://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1652810. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "West Hollywood (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0684410.html. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/2014/mar/06/local/la-me-weho-gay-identity-20140307
- ↑ Fodor's California 2007. New York: Random House.
- ↑ UCLA.edu - East of Campus. Accessed 08 December 2011.
- ↑ West Hollywood Marketing and Visitors Bureau - Hollywood Info. Accessed 08 December 2011.
- ↑ "Central L.A". Los Angeles Times. http://maps.latimes.com/neighborhoods/region/central-la/.
- ↑ "Annexation and Detachment Map – City of Los Angeles". http://navigatela.lacity.org/common/mapgallery/pdf/annex34x44.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-02.
- ↑ "Cities in California". walkscore.com. http://www.walkscore.com/CA. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- ↑ "Historical Averages for West Hollywood, CA". http://www.intellicast.com/Local/History.aspx?location=USCA1225. Retrieved 2015-05-05.
- ↑ Plummer, E.R. (1942). Señor Plummer. Los Angeles: Plummer Committee. pp. 70–71.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Masters, Nathan (1 December 2011). "West Hollywood at 27: How the Town of Sherman Became WeHo". http://www.kcet.org/updaily/socal_focus/history/la-as-subject/west-hollywood-at-27-how-the-town-of-sherman-became-weho.html. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- ↑ Tugend, Tom (March 24, 2000). "Russians & Gays & Lesbians, Oh My...". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. http://www.jewishjournal.com/old_stories/article/russians_amp_gays_amp_lesbians_oh_my_20000324/.
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood: Russian Speaking Community". West Hollywood website. http://www.weho.org/index.aspx?page=866. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
- ↑ Coalition for Economic Survival
- ↑ The vacancy-control part of this ordinance has since been rendered null by an act of the state legislature in the early 1990s called Costa-Hawkins that effectively ended "strong" rent control measures in California.
- ↑ California Historical Landmark #160
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood CAFR". http://www.weho.org/home/showdocument?id=15032. Retrieved 2014-01-21.
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood". http://www.weho.org/index.aspx?page=1016. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ↑ Kellogg, Carolyn (September 27, 2012). "Coming up Sunday: The West Hollywood Book Fair". LA Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2012/sep/27/news/la-jc-west-hollywood-book-fair-20120927. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ↑ "EJAF Fundraising". Elton John AIDS Foundation. http://www.ejaf.org/pages/about/fundraising.html. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
- ↑ TMZ. Instagram account.
- ↑ Barrymore, Drew (2015). Wildflower. New York: Dutton. pp. 2; 7. ISBN 9781101983799Script error. OCLC 904421431. "We lived on Poinsetta Place in a tiny duplex[...]. As an adult, I was determined to get back to headquarters, and I moved back to West Hollywood."
- ↑ "LGBT". http://www.visitwesthollywood.com/explore/lgbt/. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ Collins, Andrew. "West Hollywood Gay Guide". http://gaytravel.about.com/od/losangelesgaytravel/ss/West-Hollywood-Gay-Guide.htm#step-heading. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ "Gay West Hollywood". https://twitter.com/gayweho. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ "Host Your Gay Wedding With Us". http://www.visitwesthollywood.com/explore/lgbt/weddings/. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ "Insider Tips & Fun Facts". http://www.visitwesthollywood.com/explore/lgbt/insider-tips-fun-facts/. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ Ng, David (October 14, 2008). "Taking a Look At Gay History". Los Angeles Times. LA Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2008/oct/14/local/me-gaymuseum14. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- ↑ "LGBT Timeline (from the 60’s to the 90’s) from James Sears’ LGBT Timeline". James Madison University. http://www.jmu.edu/safezone/wm_library/Timeline%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- ↑ Teal, pp. 255–57
- ↑ Kenney, p. 50
- ↑ "Jewel’s Catch One Disco’s Demise Marks Era’s End for L.A.’s Gay Blacks". http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/great-reads/la-et-c1-black-gay-clubs-20150316-story.html..
- ↑ Kim, Victoria (October 28, 2008). "Effigy of Sarah Palin hanging by a noose creates uproar in West Hollywood". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles Times). http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-palineffigy28-2008oct28,0,541630.story. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- ↑ "Homeland Security Agents Seize "Billion Dollar" Bogus Federal Reserve Notes". Communitydispatch.com. http://communitydispatch.com/Department_of_Homeland__Security_63/HOMELAND_SECURITY_AGENTS_SEIZE__BILLION_DOLLAR__BO_4175.shtml. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Marijuana: West Hollywood Passes "Lowest Priority" Resolution". Stop The Drug War]. http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle-old/441/westhollywood.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-24.
- ↑ "Council Considers Formal Position Regarding Marijuana Consumption and Possession". City of West Hollywood. 2006-06-16. Archived from the original on 2006-06-24. http://www.weho.org/news/index.cfm/fuseaction/story/ID/1378/. Retrieved 2006-09-06.
- ↑ "City Council, City of West Hollywood, Minutes, Monday, June 19, 2006". Archived from the original on 2006-08-20. http://www.weho.org/download/index.cfm/fuseaction/download/cid/4461/. Retrieved 2006-09-06.
- ↑ Robin Williams, television biography from the Biography Channel, 7/7/06.
- ↑ "John Belushi Dies at the Chateau Marmont". Franksreelreviews.com. http://www.franksreelreviews.com/shorttakes/morbid.htm#belushi. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ Mydans, Seth. "Death of River Phoenix Is Linked To Use of Cocaine and Morphine". NY Times (13 November 1993). Accessed 31 August 2013.
- ↑ Munn, Eric (5 February 2006). "Tamahori's double life". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2006/02/04/1138958948432.html. Retrieved 13 December 2007.
- ↑ "007 director makes sex case deal". BBC. UK. 24 February 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4746004.stm. Retrieved 13 December 2007.
- ↑ TMZ Staff (2006). ""Kramer's" Racist Tirade – Caught on Tape". In The Zone. TMZ.com. http://www.tmz.com/2006/11/20/kramers-racist-tirade-caught-on-tape. Retrieved 2006-11-20.
- ↑ Mariel Concepción (2006). "Comedian Michael "Kramer" Richards Goes Into Racial Tirade, Banned From Laugh Factory". News wire. Vibe.com. http://www.vibe.com/news/news_headlines/2006/11/comedian_michael_kramer_richards_goes_into_racial_tirade. Retrieved 2006-11-21.
- ↑ Farhi, Paul (2006-11-21). ""Seinfeld" Comic Richards Apologizes for Racial Rant". Washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/21/AR2006112100242.html. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Seinfeld's Richards utters racial taunts during routine". CBC arts (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). November 20, 2006. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/tv/story/2006/11/20/kramer-racial-slurs.html. Retrieved 2006-11-20.
- ↑ "Gay Today: People". Gaytoday.badpuppy.com. http://gaytoday.badpuppy.com/garchive/people/032000pe.htm. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ Van Dyke, Jonathan (November 27, 2014). "WeHo Remains a Coalition, 30 years After Cityhood". Park LaBrea News Beverly Press. http://beverlypress.com/2014/11/weho-remains-a-coalition-30-years-after-cityhood/. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- ↑ NABR Animal Law Section – Ownership v. Guardianship
- ↑ "Gay marriage ban: How cities in Los Angeles County voted". Los Angeles Times. http://projects.latimes.com/elections/la-county-prop-8-results-by-city/.
- ↑ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. http://statewidedatabase.org/gis/gis2011/index_2011.html. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- ↑ "California's 28th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/CA/28.
- ↑ "West Hollywood Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- ↑ "Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- ↑ "Hometown Fire Stations." Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- ↑ 62.0 62.1 "West Hollywood Community Study" (pdf). http://www.weho.org/home/showdocument?id=13188. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- ↑ "Public Safety Education Campaign". City of West Hollywood. http://www.weho.org/index.aspx?page=339. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- ↑ http://weho.org/residents/arts-and-culture/about/projects-by-year/2014-projects/weho-reads-2015
- ↑ http://www.weho.org/Home/Components/Calendar/Event/8238/15
- ↑ http://www.weho.org/residents/arts-and-culture/literary-arts/city-poet
- ↑ http://www.weho.org/business/weho-pickup
- ↑ http://www.wehoville.com/2014/11/20/weho-gets-top-pr-award-pickup-shuttle-product-launch/
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood Affordable Housing Trust Fund". Ci.west-hollywood.ca.us. http://www.ci.west-hollywood.ca.us/index.aspx?page=514. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "West Hollywood Municipal Code Adoption of Green Building Standards Code". Qcode.us. http://qcode.us/codes/westhollywood/view.php?topic=13--13_24_010&highlightWords=green+building&frames=on. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Metro Westside Subway Extension". Metro.net. http://www.metro.net/projects/westside/. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood: Domestic Partnerships". Weho.org. http://www.weho.org/index.aspx?page=82. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "California Secretary of State Domestic Partnerships Registry". Sos.ca.gov. 2008-05-15. http://www.sos.ca.gov/dpregistry/. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "City of West Hollywood : Mayor Abbe Land". Weho.org. 2013-05-14. http://www.weho.org/index.aspx?page=114. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- ↑ "TLPI: U.S. Jurisdictions that include transgender people in human rights laws". Transgenderlaw.org. http://www.transgenderlaw.org/ndlaws/index.htm. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "NPC Quietnet: CQS – Other California Cities". Nonoise.org. 1991-03-01. http://www.nonoise.org/quietnet/cqs/other.htm. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ Hall, Carla (2003-05-05). "Cats Gain Right to Keep and Bare Claws in W. Hollywood". Articles.latimes.com. http://articles.latimes.com/2003/may/05/local/me-declaw5. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ Mills, James F. (November 8, 2011). "Council Passes Fur Ban on Split Vote". http://westhollywood.patch.com/articles/city-concil-again-votes-to-ban-fur.
- ↑ "Fur Ban Information". WeHo.org. http://www.weho.org/city-hall/city-departments/public-works/code-compliance/fur-ban. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- ↑ "Fur Flies and West Hollywood ("WeHo") Fur Ban Is Upheld By Federal Court". Sheppard Mullin Fashion Apparel Law Blog. July 3, 2014. http://www.fashionapparellawblog.com/2014/07/articles/changes-in-law/fur-flies-and-west-hollywood-weho-fur-ban-is-upheld-by-federal-court/. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- ↑ Pettersson, Edvard (May 6, 2014). "Ban on Fur Sales in West Hollywood, California, Upheld". Business Week. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-07/ban-on-fur-sales-in-west-hollywood-california-upheld.html. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- ↑ Ash, Andrew (September 11, 2014). "West Hollywood's Fur Ban to Be Changed". California Apparel News. http://www.apparelnews.net/news/2014/sep/11/west-hollywoods-fur-ban-be-changed/. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/2006/nov/29/local/me-a2anniversary29
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/1986-04-17/news/we-208_1_west-hollywood
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/1986-06-12/news/we-10398_1_west-hollywood
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/1988-05-12/news/we-4173_1_west-hollywood
- ↑ http://www.weho.org/city-hall/download-documents/-folder-516
- ↑ Wedner, Diane (November 13, 2005). "Mixing it up in the WeHo melting pot – Los Angeles Times". Latimes.com. http://www.latimes.com/classified/realestate/news/la-re-guide13nov13,0,3312745.story?page=2. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ Board District 4 Map. Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
- ↑ "Board Members." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
- ↑ "Two LAUSD board members retire, Friedlander wins Shoah scholarship prize." The Jewish Journal. November 12, 2008.
- ↑ "West Hollywood Elementary School". Westhollywoodelementary.org. http://www.westhollywoodelementary.org/. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Rosewood Avenue Elementary School". Lausd.k12.ca.us. http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Rosewood_EL/. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Laurel Elementary School". GreatSchools. 2010-09-07. http://www.greatschools.org/california/los-angeles/2186-Laurel-School/. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "Melrose Elementary School". WestHollywoodPatch. http://westhollywood.patch.com/listings/melrose-elementary-school. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "LAUSD: Gardner Street Elementary School". Lausd.k12.ca.us. 2011-05-20. http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Gardner_EL/Site/Welcome.html. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- ↑ "West Hollywood College Preparatory School". westhollywoodschool.com/. http://www.westhollywoodschool.com/. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
- ↑ "West Hollywood Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 2, 2011.
- ↑ Stukin, Stacie. (26 September 2011). "WEHO NO". The Architect's Newspaper. Accessed 02 December 2011.
- ↑ (29 September 2011). "WeHo’s Fickett library demolished". WeHo News. Accessed 02 December 2011.
- ↑ Rapaport (2014), 149-153 for details on the Fickett-designed library.
- ↑ Branson-Potts, Hailey. (01 October 2011). "West Hollywood Library's new edition". Los Angeles Times. Accessed 02 December 2011.
- ↑ Hawthorne, Christopher. (28 September 2011). "Architecture Review: West Hollywood Library among top works". Los Angeles Times. Accessed 02 December 2011.
- ↑ Ng, David. (27 July 2011). "Entertainment: Shepard Fairey, street artists brighten West Hollywood library". Los Angeles Times. Accessed May 15, 2012.
- ↑ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2015/SUB-EST2015.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- ↑ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.census.gov%2Fprod%2Fwww%2Fdecennial.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ↑ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - West Hollywood city". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=06:0684410. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- ↑ 108.0 108.1 "West Hollywood (city) QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. 2014. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0684410.html. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- ↑ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
West Hollywood Bungalow History
- Gierach, Ryan (2003). Images of America: West Hollywood. San Francisco: Arcadia. ISBN 0-7385-2850-1Script error.
- Kenney, Moira (2001). Mapping Gay L.A.: The Intersection of Place and Politics. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-884-3.
- Rapaport, Richard (2014). California Moderne and the Mid-Century Dream: The Architecture of Edward H. Fickett. New York: Rizzoli. ISBN 978-0-8478-4248-3Script error.
- Teal, Donn (1971, reissued 1995). The Gay Militants: How Gay Liberation Began in America, 1969–1971. New York, St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-11279-3 (1995 edition).
- Torrence, Bruce (1982). Hollywood: The first Hundred Years. New York: New York Zoetrope. p. 12. ISBN 0-918432-44-8Script error.
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